9076. Louis HÉBERT was born in 1575, at "no. 129 de la rue Saint-Honoré", St-Germain-L'Auxerrois, in the Île de France, Paris, France. He was raised by his sister Charlotte. He began his studies of apothecary, which he practiced as early as 1600. He married Marie ROLLET in 1602 in Saint-Sulpice, Fauborg Saint-Germain-des-Près, Paris, France. When departing for Port-Royal in 1606, he was hired by DeMonts as a stone mason. He returned to France in 1607, only to return to Port-Royal in 1610 and was kept busy with pharmacy and medicine, as well as agriculture. He was (Le premier colon au Québec) the first colonist and (première famille établie) his family was the first to settle in Québec in 1617 setting sail with Samuel DE CHAMPLAIN who had arrived in 1610. He was an (Apothécaire français) French apothecary. He was also the first white settler in Port-Royal, Nova Scotia. He returned to France in 1622. Since he wanted to remain in the new country, he acquired two fiefs in 1623 and 1626. He cultivated a plot of land on Cape Diamond in the heart of the present day city of Québec. He was harassed by the merchant but this First Canadian farmer persevered and his family was one of the oldest in the country. He was an ancestor of Cardinal Begin and Frère André. . He died from a fall (mort à la suite d'une chute) in 1627 in Québec. The funeral was conducted by the Recollets of Québec. He was buried in the cemetery of the Saint Charles monastery. (1) (2) (3) (5) (6) (9)Louis Hébert Monument in Québec City
Monuments to Marie Rollet and Louis Hébert
Gédéon BÉLANGER is a direct descendant of Louis HÉBERT because Gédéon's mother was a FOURNIER (fourth generation). A twelfth generation FOURNIER married Françoise HÉBERT, who was Louis HÉBERT's granddaughter.
More information on Louis Hébert
First Canadian Ancestors - Hébert
Renseignements en français
Louis Hébert - Esclave et seigneur Le Soleil - Documents et Archives.
Founding Fathers of New France - by Denise Rajotte Larson
9077. Marie ROLLET was born around 1588 in Paris, France. She was the First Teacher in North America in Québec. Upon Louis' death, she married Guillaume HUBOU on 16 May 1629. She died on 27 March 1649 in Québec. (3) (6)(7)(8)(9)
First Canadian Ancestors - Rollet
Renseignements en français - Marie Rollet
Pioneering Women in New France - by Denise Rajotte Larson
Children were:i. Anne HÉBERT was born about 1602 in Paris, France. Anne's marriage to Mathurin MARTINEAU in Québec was the first white marriage in Canada.
1666 ii. Guillaume HÉBERT was born circa 1604 in Paris, Seine, France. He married Hélène DESPORTES on 1 October 1634 in Québec. He died on 23 September 1639 in Québec.
iii. Marie Guillemette HÉBERT was born in 1606 in Paris, France. She married Guillaume COUILLARD on 26 August 1621 in Québec. They had ten children. She died on October 20, 1684 in Québec. (4)(6)
Index HÉBERT Index ROLLET Table of Contents
(1)New Findings on Louis Hébert and His Family Before His Departure for New France by Madame M. Jurgens in the "French Canadian and Acadian Genealogical Review", Vol. V, Nos. 1-2, 1975.
(2) Tanguay's Genealogical Dictionary, and Mrs. Patricia Scott Garmon.
(3) Francis Parkman's Histories of Canada. Birthdate from Jerry Harvey, RIN# 7301.
(4) PRDH, Certificat de famille No. 85.
(5) Ibid., Certificat de mariage No. 66317.
(6) Biographical Dictionary for The Jesuit Missions in Acadia and New France: 1602-1654, Lucien Campeau, S.J., translated by William Lonc, S.J. & George Topp, S.J., summer 2001, pp. 201-202 & pp. 377-378.
(7) PRDH, Certificat d'union No. 141.
(8) Email Message, Dolorès Robillard Benoit, 2 Feb 2002, English Translation
"FAMILLES ET COLONS DEMEURÉS À QUÉBEC APRÈS LA REDDITION DE 1629"1- Guillaume Hubou et Marie Rollet , sa femme; Hébert Guillaume, fils de feu Louis Hébert
2- Couillard Guillaume et Guillemette Hébert, sa femme; leurs 3 enfants; Louise 4 ans, MArguerite / ans et Louis 2 mois,
3- Martin Abraham et Marguerite Langlois, sa femme et 3 de leurs enfants; Anne âgée de 25 ans, MArguerite 5 ans et Hélène 2 ans"""
Note de Tanguay: Marie Rollet s'est remariée à la mort de Louis Hébert avec Guillaume Hubou le 16 mai 1629.
On enterra solennellement le corps de Louis Hébert dans le cimetière des Récollets, au Couvent de St Charles. Le terrain ayant été bouleversé, plus tard, on trouva ses ossements renfermés dans un cercueil de cèdres.
D'après monsieur Laverdière la maison de Hébert était dans le jardin du Séminaire de Québec. On a trouvé en 1866, le solage de cette maison, près de la porte du jardin, dans la grande allée.
La maison de Hébert devait être située entre la rue Ste Famille et la rue Couillard.- Ferland p. 190
Louis Hébert was born in 1575 in Paris, France. He died on Jan 25 1627 in Québec, QC. He was christened in the church of St-Eustache. He was buried in Québec, QC. Louis was the FIRST white settler of Canada, settling first in Port Royal, Nova Scotia and later in Québec town. He was also the first white settler of Québec in 1617. He was an apothecary (pharmacist) by trade. He died from a fall in 1627.
Following is a summary of information about Louis' life in Paris and in Québec from Madame Jurgen's article.
Documents about Louis' life in France are rare. He was still very young then, and his life was fairly mediocre. He was born or grew up in the Mortier d'or house on Rue Saint-Honore, described in his father's notes. He must have been baptised when a few days old, as was the custom, at the nearby church of Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois.
As to Louis' childhood we know very little, except that it was not cloudless. He lived in the most bustling quarter of Paris, in the neighborhood of the Louvre and Les Halles, and his father's apothecary shop was likely a meeting spot for all sorts of activity. However, his mother died in 1580, likely struck down by the plague, which swept Paris. His elder sister, Charlotte, took over the responsibilities of mother to Louis, until his father remarried to Marie Auvry. She was undoubtedly an affectionate mother to Louis and his sister, Marie.
When Louis' father was sent to prison Louis and Marie, with Pierre Maheut, found a new home with the Maheuts, on the Quai de la Megisserie. Louis left this house and was living in the University quarter, in 1600 at Rue Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet, in 1601 lodging at the Fauborg Saint-Germain-des-Pres, near the house of the Annonciation. In 1602 he was still residing at Saint-Germain-des-Pres, street and parish of Saint-Pulpice. He may have selected this quarter because of his father who came to die there, or perhaps because of his profession as apothecary and grocer. He owned one sixth of the Mortier d'or, which he sold on 10 July 1601.
In 1602, it is likely that he married Marie Rollet, as she first appeared on the scene in July 1602. He seemed very preoccupied in his early marriage in purchasing a house, at Saint-Germain-des-Pres, Rue de la Petite-Seine. It was "ramshackle, all broken down and unenclosed except by old walls", because of the wars.
Louis is next found in a 22 July 1604 warrant for the arrest of Noel Chevrin, dit du Bois, a soldier of the company of Monseigneur de Sainte-Colombes, of the King's personal bodyguard, Jacques Tiermant, apothecary, Jeanne Deloche, and a certain Bernard. Louis was the offended party, and he had the four thrown into prison. He relinquished his complaint, and the four were released.
In 1606, Pierre du Gua, sieur de Monts, gentleman ordinary of the King's Chamber, and at that time the King's lieutenant general in New France, was preparing in the Spring to undertake a new voyage. Looking forward to possible establishment, he indentured various people who might be of use to him, 6 masons, a tinker, a locksmith, and an apothecary. Why Louis would hire out as a common laborer is unknown, but it may have been influenced by the tinker, his neighbor, François Guitard. Louis was to receive 30 livres on departure, and another 70 when he returned in April of 1607.
Louis left for LaRochelle, where his ship was waiting, and sailed at the end of March with his cousin Poutrincourt. The ship was captained by M. Monts. Samuel de Champlain was on the ship and commanded the expedition. Louis lived at Saint-Croix island and then at Port Royal, Acadia until 1607. He returned to Paris and returned to Acadia in 1610 with Poutrincourt, his wife, and Louis' wife. Louis and Poutincourt's wives were the first French women to come to Acadia.
Poutrincourts undertakings having been ruined by the English, Louis returned to France with his leader in 1613. He was back at LaRochelle on 8 December 1613, and again on 28 November 1615, signing with Georges and Macain agreements for the fur trade in Canada.
In the Spring of 1617, Louis, his wife, and his three children, set sail at Honfleur bound for Québec. The Hébert family croosed the Atlantic again with Champlain,on a ship under the command of Captain Morin.
Shortly after his arrival at Québec, Louis built himself a house. It was the first built in the upper town. He was the first white settler in Canada. He also started to clear the land which had been granted him. He was also the first Canadian seignior. The Duke de Ventadour, viceroy of New France, in recognition of Louis' merits, established as a noble fief all of the land that Louis cleared plus another seignioral grant which had one lieue frontage by four in depth, near Québec.
Louis returned, without his family, to Paris at least one more time, in early 1622 for some difficulty which was brought before the Privy Council of the King. He soon returned home to Québec.
Louis died at Québec, apparently caused by a fall, 25 January 1627. He was at the time First Officer of Justice of New France. His death was a great loss to the small colony. After Champlain, it was Louis who had assumed the greatest burden in the establishment of Québec, and in the advancement of New France. While the other inhabitants wasted their time in trading with the Indians, Louis realized that the most solid foundation of the prosperity of the new country is agriculture, which linked the colonist to the soil, giving him the main necessities of life, and making him independent. His fields contributed in large part to his family's support. His son, Guillaume, left no living male heirs to carry the Hébert name. However, his children produced numerous descendants, of which I am one.
There is a momument to Louis Hébert in Québec. Take the funicular up from the old town of Québec to the new section. The park where the monument is located is just off to the right and top of the square. He married Marie ROLLET before 1602 in Paris, France.
Louis was the FIRST white settler of Canada, settling first in Port Royal, Nova Scotia and later in Québec town. He was also the first white settler of Québec in 1617. He was an apothecary (pharmacist) by trade. He died from a fall in 1627.  Return
"Families and Colonists living in Québec after the 1629 Surrender"1- Guillaume Hubou and Marie Rollet , his wife; Hébert Guillaume, son of the deceased Louis Hébert
2- Couillard Guillaume and Guillemette Hébert, his wife; their 3 children; Louise 4 years old, MArguerite 1 year old and Louis 2 months,
3- Martin Abraham and Marguerite Langlois, his wife and 3 of their children: Anne 25 years old, MArguerite 5 years old and Hélène 2 years old".
Note from Tanguay:
Marie Rollet remarried after the death of Louis Hébert with Guillaume Hubou on 16 May 1629.
The body of Louis Hébert was solemnly buried in the Recollets cemetery, at the St-Charles Convent. The land was turned over, later on, and Louis Hébert's bones were found in a casket of ashes.
According to Mr. Laverdière, Hébert's house was in the garden of the Seminary of Québec. In 1866, the foundation of the house, near the garden door, was found along the grand path.
Hébert's house was located between the Ste-Famille and Couillard streets.
Ferland p. 190. Return