ANDREW MONTOUR

Andrew MONTOUR, son of Madame MONTOUR, was one of the most picturesque figures in colonial Pennsylvania.

Count ZINZENDORF wrote in 1742:

"Andrew's cast of counternace is decidedly European, and had not his face been encircled with a broad band of paint, applied with bear's fat, I would certainly have taken him for one."

He served as interpreter at many Indian conferences, having a good knowledge of Iroquoian as well as Algonkian tongues. His influence, especially over the Ohio Indians, was so great that the French put a price on his head. He accompanied Conrad WEISER in 1745 and 1748. With George CHOGHAN he made many journeys into the Ohio country and accompanied William TRENT in 1752. During the French and Indian War and PONTIAC's War, he led Indians in the British service. He organized a company of Indian scouts for WASHINGTON in 1754 and was in the battle for Fort Necessity. In 1755 he was with Braddock at the Monongahela. For his services to Pennsylvania as soldier, interpreter, and Indian agent he received several grants of land. For some years after 1752 his home was on Montour Creek near its junction with Sherman Creek, about twelve miles northwest of Carlisle. He died in 1755.

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